CORE Report on Torture in Manipur 2015

A report prepared by the Centre for Organisation Research and Education (CORE) on the practice and incidents of torture in Manipur documented by the organisation’s autonomous humanitarian action service for victims of torture, the Human to Humane Transcultural Centre for Torture and Trauma Victims (H2H). The documentation was done for the period from 2014 to May 2015 and includes information on the rehabilitation efforts made by H2H for the victims and their families. The report is released on the occasion of the UN International Day in Support for Victims of Torture, 26 June 2015.

PRESS RELEASE

CORE Press Statement_UN International Torture Day 26june2015

“…views the prevailing climate of impunity in Manipur leading to the perpetuation of the practice of torture and related trauma as leading to one of the worst forms of psychosocial anguish and deeply ingrained social anomie. Furthermore, the administration of justice and efforts to understand and address the health and psychological needs of the victims and their families, in which the state plays no decisive and accountable role, has continued to be a far cry for decades. This report, released on the occasion of the United Nations International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, 26 June 2015, which contains data gathered over a period of one year by the centre, provides a background and context to the practice of torture by state and non-state agencies, organisations and entities. The theme of this year’s affirmative commemoration all over the world is “Right to Rehabilitation”.  The report expresses the anguish of the deep trauma and inter-related psychosocial consequences that victims and their families suffer and the efforts made by CORE and H2H to address them by providing rehabilitation services. Recommendations are made in the end that addresses the governments as well as non-state actors including civil society.”

CLICK ON THE LINK BELOW TO READ THE FULL REPORT

CORE Torture Report 2015

General Comment No. 3 of the UN Committee against Torture

This general comment explains and clarifies to States parties the content and scope of the obligations under article 14 of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT). Each State party is required to “ensure in its legal system that the victim of an act of torture obtains redress and has an enforceable right to fair and adequate compensation, including the means for as full rehabilitation as possible.” The Committee considers that article 14 is applicable to all victims of torture and acts of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (hereafter “ill-treatment”) without discrimination of any kind, in line with the Committee’s general comment No. 2.

General Comment No 3 on Article 14 CAT

During the drafting of this general comment in 2011, H2H and CORE submitted two written documents in order to inform the Committee about several aspects of Article 14 and its interpretation that we thought were quite critical. These documents may be accessed below by clicking on the links.

H2H-CORE 1 H2H-CORE 2

Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law

Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 16 December 2005 [on the report of the Third Committee (A/60/509/Add.1)]

Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to Remedy and Reparation

The Principle of Restitutio ad integrum under international law calls for the redress of the ‘life plan’ of victims of serious human rights and humanitarian law violations. This justifies the need for rehabilitation as a form of reparation, since victims have a right to reconstruct, as far as possible, their life.

The concept of a “life plan” is akin to the concept of personal fulfilment, which in turn is based on the options that an individual may have for leading his life and achieving the goal that he sets for himself.  Strictly speaking, those options are the manifestation and guarantee of freedom.  An individual can hardly be described as truly free if he does not have options to pursue in life and to carry that life to its natural conclusion.  Those options, in themselves, have an important existential value.  Hence, their elimination or curtailment objectively abridges freedom and constitutes the loss of a valuable asset, a loss that this Court cannot disregard. 

[…]

It is reasonable to maintain, therefore, that acts that violate rights seriously obstruct and impair the accomplishment of an anticipated and expected result and thereby substantially alter the individual’s development.  In other words, the damage to the “life plan”, understood as an expectation that is both reasonable and attainable in practice, implies the loss or severe diminution, in a manner that is irreparable or reparable only with great difficulty, of a person’s prospects of self-development.  Thus, a person’s life is altered by factors that, although extraneous to him, are unfairly and arbitrarily thrust upon him, in violation of laws in effect and in a breach of the trust that the person had in government organs duty-bound to protect him and to provide him with the security needed to exercise his rights and to satisfy his legitimate interests.[1]


[1] Inter-American Court of Human Rights, Loayza Tamayo v. Peru, Judgment on Reparations and Costs, 27 November 1998, paras. 148-150.

H2H Client Service Flow Chart

H2H Client Service Flow Chart

H2H Client Service Flow Chart

The Client Flow Chart is a visual protocol we developed to aid our team members to track where a torture victim is located in our rehabilitation management scheme. The chart is not to be used inclusively, i.e., every person that enters our system is recognised to have individual needs best suited to the person; and the chart indicates options and directions to the team and the client how to proceed in the management of his or her problems and issues.

H2H Delegation attends the Asia Region Meeting of Torture Rehabilitation Centres, Kolkata, 23-25 September 2013

The Director of H2H was invited to deliver the Keynote Address at the Inaugural Session of the Asia Region Meeting of torture rehabilitation centres. The theme of the meeting, organised by the International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT), Denmark, was “Right to Rehabilitation: Ground Reality in Asia”.

Keynote Address_ARM 2013-roy laifungbam – 23sep

Dr D Roy Laifungbam, Director H2H delivering the Keynote Address

Dr D Roy Laifungbam, Director H2H delivering the Keynote Address